Quick Search
Select Language

Select a Language

Close
Afrikaans
Chinese
Czech
Danish
Dutch
English
Finnish
French
German
Greek
Italian
Japanese
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese
Romanian
Russian
Spanish
Swedish
Bookmark and Share
login | contact
Finch & Co
Suite No 744
2 Old Brompton Road
London
London
SW7 3DQ
England

Telephone +44 (0)20-7413 9937
Mobile +44 (0)7836 684133, +44 (0)7768 236921
Fax +44 (0)20-7581 4445
Website www.finch-and-co.co.uk

An Important Anglo Danish carved sandstone pillar slab , School of Bakewell (1000 to 1200 England)

Reference no. 21581
An Important Anglo Danish carved sandstone pillar slab , School of Bakewell

Medium

Sandstone

Dimensions

30.00cm wide    95.00cm high    12.00cm deep (11.81 inches wide  37.40 inches high  4.72 inches deep)

Provenance

The dating of these slabs has been made possible by the Normans' use of them as foundation stones in the building of their newly designed churches of the 12th century.
In 1077-1088 AD Abbot Paul of St Albans denouced them as pagan : 'Rudes et Idotae' , thus sanctioning their use as foundation rubble.
Northumbria during the Dark Ages was the origin of much art and craft but in time this original style was greatly modified by various craftsmen as it filtered down through the different regions of the country.
The old Anglian School of carving, foremost in 7th century Northumbria, had a strong 'English' element and this became mixed with the cultural identity of the old established Saxons and of the newly arrived Danish Vikings and eventually led to a new, if somewhat more naive style, mostly executed by local untrained craftsmen. the best of the earlier 'high' Anglian art having been killed off bt the Danish invasions around 867 AD.
The pre-Norman fragments unearthed during 19th century Victorian renovations at Bakewell church in Derbyshire exhibit this Anglo Danish cultural conversion of the original Northumbrian purity of style. There are several stone fragments stacked inside the west door which bear a great similarity to this more complete example and which therefore seems to confirm the existence of a 'School of Bakewell', as put forward by John Ruskin's great friend Collingwood in his extensive survey 'Northumbrian Crosses of the Pre-Norman Age'.
Around 950 AD, local craftsmen centred on the settlement at Bakewell, were carving these stone monuments from the local Derbyshire sandstone. The round shoulders and the nimbus about the head of this example are typical of this modified style practised in the 10th century of the old Northern School of Anglian Carving.
The drill holes in the eyes which are significant in many of these pillar slabs often contained glass or crystal fragments that would sparkle and cause wonder in the darkness of a Dark Age chapel interior.
The round shoulders are an example of this style of carving in the late 10th century. The nimbus around the head shows that the figure represents a Saint - perhaps St Cuthbert?.

Literature

cf. Collingwood, Northumbrian Crosses of the Pre-Norman Age
Knighton, Laurence; All Saints Parish Church, Bakewell

Description / Expertise

An Important Anglo Danish carved sandstone pillar slab, School of Bakewell, Derbyshire
10th / 11th Century

Size : 95 cm high, 30 cm wide, 12 cm deep

SOLD